Pelvic pain can be due to a number of causes, not all of them serious and not all of them due to the reproductive organs. Inflammation, infection, or abnormal tissue growth within any of these organs may cause pelvic pain, amongst other symptoms. Broadly speaking, the pain can be usefully categorised into acute and chronic.

Acute causes

Ectopic pregnancy

If you are in the early stages of a pregnancy and develop sudden onset pain, it’s crucial to exclude an ectopic pregnancy, as it could become life threatening. This is where the pregnancy embeds abnormally outside of the uterine cavity. Abnormal vaginal bleeding, change in bowel habit, and shoulder tip pain can all be associated symptoms.

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